About Uku Bahal


Uku Bahal (Rudravarna Mahavihar), Patan, Nepal
Click photo to see a larger photograph of Uku Bahal!

Located south of Patan Durbar Square Uku Bahal (Newar Buddhist Monastery) is known locally as Rudravarna Mahavihar. One of several popular attractions of culture worth stopping by to see in this wonderful city.

The area around Uku Bahal contains 3 courtyards and each has interesting and unique features. The highlight is of course the main Uku Bahal central courtyard which was started by King Shivadev (590-604) as one of five monasteries.

The outer courtyard is marked by an impressive gate with flag baring lions that wouldn't look out of place in London. This was a later addition in 1680.

The courtyard at the back of Uku Bahal is again modern and actually belongs to the residents in surrounding it. None the less it's worth taking a walk around it and possibly admitting some of the painted sculptures and stupa there.

Take note of the small ticket price for the temple below as it also covers the nearby Mahaboudha Temple.

Did you know?

Although started by King Shivadev the monastery was later renovated by Rudradev so its name became known as “Shivadev Samskarita Rudravarna Mahavihara”.

When it was founded the monastery was located in the Wankulli district. So it's name become commonly known as Wankuli Bihar. Over the years this changed to Uku Bahal!

The Uku Bahal Courtyard

Not only is the Uku Bahal courtyard one of the best preserved courtyards in Nepal it's also one of the best preserved. You'll also have most of the place to yourself as day trippers don't often spend much time here on their tour.

Entrance to Uku Bahal

Take note of the well preserved roof struts a the northern side of Uku Bahal. They are said to be some of oldest in the valley. Much of the color still visible in them is ordinal paintwork.

Splendid items found inside include dorjes (thunderbolts), brass bells, winged horses, peacocks, a statue of Rana Prime Minister Juddha Shumsher who donated money for the repairs to the Bahal after the earthquake in 1934.

Also of note are the pair of stone lions which are highly unusual in Nepal and look distinctly British. There are also a pair of ornate Garudas who don't seem to be rivaled elsewhere in the country.


Entrance fee for Uku Bahal


The current fee for foreigners is 50 rupees. This ticket is also valid for the nearby Mahaboudha Temple. So you only need to buy one ticket at either compound


Map/directions to Uku Bahal


Use this map of Patan for to locate Uku Bahal and other highlights in Patan. For a better map download my full travel guide to Patan

Map of Uku Bahal

Click to see live map

Uku Bahal is located at the end of a main street in south Patan.

As you come out of the Mahaboudha temple compound take a right then the first street to your left. Uku Bahal will be the first on your right marked by its impressive gateway and black stone lions. See my guide below for detailed directions.


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