Note: the following information is to be used as a rough informational guide - It is highly recommended you consult a qualified travel medical practitioner before taking any vaccinations, immunizations, medication or indeed travel to Nepal
See a specialist in travel related diseases at least 6 months before you travel to Nepal - this is especially true if you have never traveled outside your home country before.
If you don't know where to find one consult your General Practitioner. Today many countries have tropical disease clinics in large cities.
These include chickenpox, polio, measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus and influenza. These vaccinations are largely routine even if you do not travel. Do consult your doctor about your immunizations as some of these disease are still active in some countries.
The following vaccinations / immunizations are generally advised for travel to Nepal. Please note that outbreaks occur at any stage. Again, consult a tropical medical practitioner before you go. Keep in mind that some of these vaccination need to be taken over the course of several months. So see a consult at least six months before leaving.
exposure might occur through food or water and it's a generally recognized vaccination for developing countries - vaccinations can take place over several months.
contact is especially likely for those who might be exposed to blood or body fluids. Sexual contact with the local population. Exposed through medical treatment, e.g. accidents - vaccinations can take place over several months
exposure can occur through exposure to food or water and this is a generally recommended vaccination for developing countries.
contracted through animal bites. Children, expatriates, outdoors/ wilderness/inner city or those traveling long-term are of especially high risk. Rabies may be present in domestic animals e.g. dogs/cats as much as wild animals.
if you are planning to visit rural areas, spend a lot of time outdoors or in an area where outbreak occur you will need to consider this vaccination.
there have been occurrences in Nepal however the risk of contamination is very low in travelers. Medical professionals or those living in high risk areas should consult with their doctor about possible vaccinations.
there is no known vaccination for Malaria (see below for preventative measures.)
there is no known vaccination for Dengue fever. Although there have been a few cases the risk of contamination is very low.
There are Malaria outbreaks in Nepal. However Kathmandu and many of the himalayan treks are free from Malaria.
The Terrai region of Nepal is known to have occasional outbreaks of Malaria. There is no vaccination for Malaria only preventative measures.
- Take a prescription anti malarial drug (Chloroquine is NOT an effective anti malarial drug in Nepal)
- Avoid mosquito bites by using insect repellent, wearing long pants and sleeves.
- Sleep in air-conditioned and/or use mosquito proof bed nets.
- Eat well and prevent yourself from becoming exhausted and constantly tired.
Again the chance of contracting Malaria in Nepal is deemed to be low even in Malaria effect areas like the Terrai region.
Do speak to your tropical disease specialist and GP about anti-malarial's as some do have adverse side effects.
Below are several other vaccination resources for travel to Nepal. Do be aware of your own regions medical limitations, regular immunizations and preventative advice. Again, consult a qualified travel medical specialist before going to Nepal.
Respiratory, sinus, chest, ear, nose and throat infections are common place in Kathmandu due to high pollution in the Kathmandu Valley. Many people wear dust masks to reduce the inhalation of dust when walking around Kathmandu city. Consult your doctor about your preferred treatment in the event of contracting any of these ailments.
Do bring your own prescription medicines if taking any. While medicine is available in Nepal it may not be the same brand or quality.
Do bring over the counter medicine for diarrhea as stomach upsets are common. Oral rehydration sachets are available in Nepal.
Do bring iodine tablets, chemical water treatment and/or portable water filters if you are unable to purchase bottled water or are traveling / staying in remote areas (available in Nepal).
Do bring hand wipes or alcohol-based hand sanitizer running water is not always available to wash hands with (available in Nepal).
Do carry a supply of tissues as toilet paper is not often used in public bathrooms in Nepal or on treks. Hotels usually do supply some (available in Nepal).
Do sort out any dental issues you may have before going to Nepal. There are dentists in Nepal (Kathmandu) in particular who do come recommend. However it would be a better option to have work done before arriving.
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