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Guide to the Kumbeshwar Temple Complex

Where Patan or rather “Lalitpur” got its name
Updated: Fenruary 7th 2018 | Nepal travel guides

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about - entrance fee - directions
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About the Kumbeshwar Temple Complex

Located to the north of Patan Durbar Square the Kumbeshwar Temple Complex (Kumbeshwar Mahadev Mandir) often gets overlooked by visitors to Durbar square and the nearby Golden Temple. What many don't know is the Kumbeshwar temple is one of the best temple complexs to visit in Patan!

There are several interesting structures around the temples complex worth seeking out. Including the two hiti's (water basins) which hold the legend of Patan's naming. A fire sacrifice area. Not to mention the actual main Kumbeshwar temple itself amoungst several others.

Did you know?

The 5 storey Kumbeshwar temple is one of the tallest temples in Nepal.

During the Kumbeshwar fesyival (july-august) thousands of pilgrims arrive. It is only now that the sacred tap at one of the hitis is opened up to the public.

Many rituals take placee around the temple complex everyday. Some may not look like rituals at all so it's important to remain respectful of everyone going about their business in the complex.

The Kumbeshwar temple itself took some mild damage in the 2015 earthquake. You might notice the very top of the temple is a little crooked. The rest of the compound remains undamaged.

How Patan got its name from Kumbeshwar

The story goes that a farmer with leprosy from Kathmandu came here because the grass was better for his cow. One day he struck his wooden pole into the ground
and discovered a water source

That evening on his way back he saw the king passing by. He stepped off the road as was the custom for someone with leprosy. The king however saw no trace of the disease. Indeed the king found the man so handsome that he gave him a new name
or handsome.

The king knew a miracle had occurred and asked Lalit what happened. Lalit showed the king where he found the water source and the king pronounced that a hiti should be placed there.

Another story tells of a man who lost his water vessel on a pilgrimage who found it again at the Kumbeshwar. The word Kumbha in Kumbeshwar means “water vessel”.

Whether any of the above is anything more that legend is up for debate. The fact that there is a water source from the himalayan mountains at Kumbeshwar may yet be another contributing factor. Perhaps Patan got it's name from all of the above combined.

Inside the Kumbeshwar temple complex

The Kumbeshwar temple complex is perhaps one of the most active in the Kathmandu Valley. It's not overrun by tourists nor locals alike. People simple go about their rituals here on a daily basis. As such there's much to see here on a good day.

Firstly there's the two hiti ponds. Don't be put off by the large iron railings surrounding them. There is a small gate that will give you access to either side. Unfortunately it's colored like the rest of the railing so it's no do obvious at first where it is!

For the record: the smaller hiti is the more sacred of the two.

Shiva’s mount, the bull Nandi is kneeling in from of the main Kumbeshwar temple. High above the wooden roof tiers look as if they might topple over on this five storey building.

Within the complex are two other temples. One dedicated to Ulmanta Bhairab and the other newer temple to Bagalamuki.

If you are having difficulty identifying which is which then look out for scortch marks aaround the Bagalauki temple as it's where fire sacrifices still take place today!

Kumbeshwar temple renovation

The Kumbeshwar temple started to lean after the 2015 earthquake. Renovation work has begun to repair the central building.

In 2017 several of the buildings and shrines with the complex were freshly painted and cleaned up. It's expected that the main temple will undergo some work in 2018.

Entrance fee for the Kumbeshwar temple

There is currently no fee for entering the Kumbeshwar temple complex.

Map of the Kumbeshwar temple complex & Patan

Use this map of Patan for to locate the Kumbeshwar temple complex and other highlights in Patan. For a better map download my full travel guide to Patan

The Kumbeshwar temple complex is located on a main street in north Patan just a short distance from the Golden Temple.

See my travel guide below for full walking directions.

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The Kumbeshwar Temple Complex

The Kumbeshwar Temple Complex in Patan, Nepal
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Full guide:
» Guide to Patan    
Central Patan
  - Patan Durbar Square
 South Patan
  - Mahaboudha Temple
  - Uku Bahal
  - Machchhendranath temple
North Patan
  - The Golden Temple
  - Kumbeshwar Temple Complex
West Patan
  - The Kumari Living Goddess
East Patan
  - The Balkumari Temple

Make the most out of your journey:
» Get my full guidebook to Patan!


Full guide:
» Guide to Bhaktapur City
Inside Bhaktapur city:  
» Guide to Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  - Erotic Elephants Temple (Shiva Parvati)
  - Basantapur Chowk (Sculptures)
  - National Art Gallery / Museum
  - The Golden Gate (Sundhoka)
  - Taleju Temple (Mul Chowk)
  - Naga Pokhari 
55 Window Palace
  - Siddhi Lakshmi
  - Stone Lions
  - Pashupatinath Temple (Bhaktapur)
  - Vatsala Durga Temple & Taleju Bell
  - Chyasalin Mandap
Near Durbar Square
» Taumadhi Square
» Pottery Square
» Dattatreya Square
Just outside Bhaktapur
» Kailashnath Mahadev (Tallest Shiva statue)
» Nagarkot

Like to know more?
» Get my full guidebook to Bhaktapur!

Bardia National Park

Hiti inside the The Kumbeshwar Temple Complex

Elephants inside the Golden temple, Patan
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