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Nepal travel guide

Trekking, ancient cities, jungle, wildlife, spirituality, food & culture

From personal notes to travel guide: I thought that I would just come to Nepal and see far too many tourists and do some trekking. Instead I was hit on the side of the head by an incredible country that made me stay a while - now the best travel guide to Nepal (updated: (live)

(click on a topic heading to skip to that section - in depth guides are on the sidebar to the right)

» About Nepal » Getting there & away
» Things to do in Nepal » The Nepali people
» Nepalese food » The Nepalese language
» Accommodation in Nepal » Living in Nepal
» Travel tips for Nepal
» 2015 Earthquake Information
» The best guide books for Nepal

About Nepal

Once a part of the hippie trail Nepal today offers a wide range of activities and sight seeing for everyone. From one day treks in the Himalayas to full on Everest summits.

Jungle safaris with elephants, tigers and rhinos. Ancient cities filled with culture. There's something for everyone in Nepal.

With tourism being Nepal's number one industry it's a country focused on ensuring that one visit is never enough. With a huge return in visitors there's something very addictive about traveling Nepal!

Things to do in Nepal

Trekking: Whether it's day trip treks, 3 day treks or 20 day treks Nepal has something for everyone.

Trekking in Nepal accounts for 10% of the countries dedicated visitors every year. The Everest Base camp trek is perhaps the most most famous. But don't go away without realizing that enjoyable one day treks are also possible.

Get started by reading about what you can expect from trekking in Nepal. And to help you choose your best trek it's recommend to read this list of popular treks (with maps).

City sightseeing in Nepal: Some of Nepal's best sights lie away from the mountains in some of its ancient cities.

Spend a few days in the capital of Kathmandu city enjoying heritage walks or visiting places like Durbar Square, Swayambhunath (monkey temple) and Pashupatinath. Go further in the Kathmandu Valley by taking a day trip to places like Patan,Bhaktapur and Panauti.

Jungle safari's: Head south to Chitwan National Park to go jungle trekking or take an Elephant safari to spot wild tigers and rhino. Or if you really want to go off the beaten path try visiting Bardia National Park.

Adventure sports: Go paragliding, white water rafting or rent a motorcycle to tour the country from Pokhara. Or go bungy jumping on the border to Tibet!

Culture: Visit the birthplace of Buddha in Lumbini, volunteer in a monastery or chill out with some Sadhu holy men.

Relax: Take a time out and enjoy sitting by lake Phewa in Pokhara while taking a stroll to some cultural villages or enjoy some fine Nepalese cuisine.

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Nepalese Food

What's the food like in Nepal? You can get just about anything in the world in Pokhara and Kathmandu. The Nepalese know how to cook food from around the world. Giant steaks, pizza, pastas and chinese are easy to come across. Though the mexican dishes are a little strange.

Dhal Bhat is Nepal's national staple dish. You can get it vegetarian, or with meat, and I seriously like it. And then there are Nepalese momos. Anyone who has ever tried momos generally keeps going back for more

Do check out my hands on Nepalese food articles for more ...

Nepalese Food My exclusive series on Nepalese Food

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Accommodation in Nepal

Where I stayed   Try a custom search for the best priced hotels in Nepal!

Good cheap hotel & guesthouse accommodation is plentiful in Nepal.

Here are some walk in guesthouses:
Pokhara - The Hotel Dharam Inn. Lakeside Pokhara 6. Tel- +9779856027053. -
There are so many hotels and guesthouses in Pokhara its easy. This one offered superior rooms at a good price and the staff were great. They will pick you up at the bus station or airport for free.

Kathmandu - Kathmandu Garden House, Pakanajol Tel 977 - 1 -4381239 ask for Sangita. - Run by a local lady and her french husband this is a star amongst the plentiful supply of KTM guesthouses. Within 4 minutes walk of Thamel, and just outside of Thamel to get away from the rush. Excellent food, entertainment and a safe haven. A taxi from the airport to here is about 500 rupees.

Do check out my reviews & recommended hotels and guesthouses in Kathmandu


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Getting there & away

Overland: From India the easiest crossing is Sunauli. You can also cross the Nepalese border with Tibet but you will need a Tibet permit which I've covered in my tourist visa information section under Tibet. For more information on traveling overland do check out my extensive article on how to travel overland into Nepal.

By Flight: Kathmandu airport is where all international flights arrive into. Delhi has regular flights for about $200 USD and Bangkok for $250 one way.

Try my custom flight search for the lowest priced flights to and from Nepal! 

Nepal travel visas: Available for the periods of 15 days, 30 days and 90 days they are most commonly obtained on arrival. For a comprehensive look at travel visas for Nepal including, fees, downloadable forms and more information visit my dedicated page on updated visa information for Nepal.

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The Nepali people

There are two sides here. Generally speaking the Nepalese are some of the nicest, helpful people in the world. You will get the bad eggs and the touts are annoying.

The Nepalese know you better than you think. Tourism is their number one industry and they know what people from each country likes. Tell them your nationality and watch them adapt instantly.

It is a developing country though so be prepared for from hardships like the Street Children in Kathmandu and learn how much an average Nepali earns in a day. For a more colorful side to Nepal check out the holy men of Nepal: the Sadhus.

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Nepalese Language

Derived from Sanskrit Nepali is the official language of Nepal with over 70% of the population speaking it. However in all the main tourist destinations English is spoken quite well. Though there will be some linguistic anomalies.

Do read this guide on the basics of learning Nepalese for travel

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Living in Nepal

Of all the places in my journey Nepal gave me that deep feeling that reached out and said this could be home. Find a niche market like the paragliders did and you could also make a living here.

There are ferocious obstacles though. Asides from the political instability at the moment Nepal still has one of worst economies in the world, a country on the brink of natural disaster and an already over populated tourist industry. It can be tough to make a living here.

It's very easy to be wooed by Nepal. I've met countless volunteers and older travelers who either fall in love with orphanages or Pokhara. It's hard not to understand why, but I've rarely seen it work out in the long run. Nepal generally works out to be great for a few months of the year, or every few years. Long-term expats in Nepal often end up torn by a love for a country and it's complete inability to develop or allow oneself to develop there..

Owning property or a business is in Nepal is not possible outright if you are a foreigner. By marriage and business partnerships only. For some more insight on this do read this article on how to do business in Nepal and understanding the caste culture of Nepal.

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2015 Earthquake Information


On April 25th a 7.8 earthquake hit Nepal followed on May 12th by a powerful aftershock.

Over 8.1 million people were affected. 8,700 died with the final number expected to reach 10,000.

Several of Nepal's historic temples were destroyed. Many more temples survived the earthquake.

Nepal was quickly helped by a vast international aid effort which directly rescued over 1,200 people from rubble and delivered aid to thousands more.

Nepal's tourism infrastructure was not directly affected. The vast majority of the Kathmandu Valley temples survived. Only 2 out of 30+ trekking routes are closed.

Nepal is currently in the process of rebuilding. Over 8% of its economy relies on tourism and an unofficial number of 25% of the population is supported by tourists.

Nepal is officially open to tourists with both the government and the people of Nepal asking for more tourists to come.

Visiting Nepal is the best way to directly help at this stage as it promotes sustainability via the tourism economy.

The vast majority of Nepal's wonderful sights are open and ready to be visited.

Travel tips for Nepal


How much is a daily budget?

Nepal remains a relatively good budget travel destination however in truth Nepal can be as expensive as you want or as cheap. You can stay in a 5 star hotel for $250 USD a night and be driven around in a private car for $50 USD. Or you can get a private room for $5USD and go the public transport route for under $1. If you avoid the tourist restaurants and entrance fees you can spend a day here for $12USD (eating good food in local places). But the thing with Nepal is that there is so much to do. $25 with local transport to city sites with some entrance fees. The above is based on a low budget, you can spend a lot more per day depending on your needs.

How to save money in Nepal?

Package tours: Do not buy an expensive package tour with a private company unless you have the money to spend and/or literally do not have a day to spare. I came across people who had spent $5,000USD for a 10 day stay in Nepal. Yes they had everything taken care of for them. But they also did not get to choose their guide for a 3 day trek. Stayed in an out-of-the-way 5 star hotel and were fairly isolated. It was too much money by far.

Hire a local guide: Hiring a package tour guide from overseas on the internet is a waste of money and not practical. There are so many guides in Nepal even in the height of tourist season there are still too many. The streets are full of guide offices. Have a read of my article on hiring a trekking guide in nepal for more information.

Kathmandu: When you buy your pass to Durbar Square, head off to the tourist office there straight away and for free get a pass to the square for as long as your visa lasts. Keep in mind Durbar square is in the middle of KTM so you will have to pass through plenty of times (read more about ticket prices to Durbar Square in my guide).

Bhaktapur: The hefty entrance fee imposed here has resulted in a high level of preservation. Thankfully there are many many side streets you can meander down off the main entrance area to avoid buying a ticket should you wish. Stay clear of these little side streets later as they have guards asking to see your tickets. Post earthquake Bhaktapur remains filled with temples and culture.

Eating out: Thamel and Lakeside are two popular places for expensive (albeit great) dining. Walk a little further and enter a good, local place. A bowl of chicken soup, plate of momo and a coke will cost about $1.50. A buff steak $3.00. Chow Mien $1.

The problem comes when you are socializing and head out to eat. Most will head to a nice place and want to split the cost of the meal within the group and bang there goes your budget!
Likewise with beer such as Nepal Ice or Everest it's 4-5USD on average in most restaurants for a liter bottle. That said beer in Nepal is not the cheapest anywhere due to high tax.

What are the Banks/ATM's like in Nepal?

Never had a problem bar from power outages. Be sure to ask your hotel/guesthouse for the electrical outage times before heading off. Most banks have generators but not all work that well and I have heard of a few travelers getting their cards stuck due to this. The ones in Thamel are fine and in Pokhara. Banks are open Sunday though to Friday Lunchtime.
If you are going trekking be sure to stock up on your smaller Nepalese notes as ATM's usually only dispense big ones. Guesthouses and eateries usually will struggle for change in remoter areas.
One thing you must do is tell your credit card provider that you are in Nepal, otherwise it might get blocked.

Do read this guide on dealing with money, ATMS's and credit cards in Nepal.


What guidebook?

Mine! Let me explain - Lonely Planet's Nepal is useless for the overland traveler coming across borders. Little information is given. For Kathmandu the book is okay if you were there 10 years ago. For Pokhara, Bhaktapur and Patan its maps are bad and some of the information is simply incorrect since the earthquake.

Yes I'm speaking from experience here. So I've written my own guidebooks to Nepal.

For trekking check out my FREE trekking guides to Nepal. And my guidebook to Trekking in Nepal.

I've also written up several more free travel guides to several of these places based on my own personal experience.

Do explore the links within these guides as they lead to further pages on this site with yet more information to help you. If you like something included or are looking for printed versions then get in touch.

See my links in the upper right sidebar of this page for more guides to Nepal plus overland travel guides in and out of Nepal.

For those that want an actual book to own and read offline then I've got my own best guidebooks to Nepal right here.

How to hire a guide?

Firstly don't do it over the internet. There are plenty of guides in Nepal even in tourist season. Tours around Nepal, or trekking tours can be arranged quickly this way. Secondly if you want to go to the Annapurna region get your guide in Pokhara. If you want to go to Everest arrange from Kathmandu, doing it the other way round will be expensive. Interview at least three guides as if hiring them for a job at your workplace. Personality is important, remember you will be with this guide for possibly 3 weeks! There are female guides available. Arrange the payment before you shake on it. The costs of an in dependant guide are from $20 USD per day to $50+ USD per day. From an agency add on $5USD, a porter starts at around $14 while guide/porters at around $17. For more information check out my full page on How to hire a Guide in Nepal

How to buy trekking gear in Nepal?

If you have trekking gear, have the luggage space and are only visiting Nepal for trekking then fine bring it. Otherwise buy it there.

Kathmandu has the largest selection of trekking gear. It is a lot less hassle to shop in Pokhara though if you have the time. Let's take an all weather North Face Jacket listed at $300 online retailers as an example. You will find the real thing in the North Face store in KTM. It will be a slightly lower price than the USA or Europe.

In the downtown KTM trekking stores there are 3 categories. Fakes (China), copies of fakes (Nepal made) and Nepalese copies. Avoid Nepalese copies. They are easy to spot with bad logo copies, and poor stitching.

Stitching is key to the others. Examine the jacket carefully and pull at the seams. If there is any give at all, put it away. Turn the pockets inside out and examine them. Any bad shapes and poor stitching is easily seen here. You should be able to walk away with a good quality heavy jacket (Nepal copy) for $30 or China Copy for $40-$50. The only thing I would not buy are trekking shoes in Nepal. They are dirt cheap, look nice, but glued. They will fall apart in a few weeks.

If you really are worried about buying fake trekking gear in Nepal. Then head to The North Face Store opposite Fire & Ice in Thamel. They have a huge range of quality stock.

Ask for the manager Sabina, she's a walking encyclopedia of both trekking gear and serious expedition gear. She's also very honest and won't steer you wrong. What's more if you mention that you heard about her through The Longest Way Home it might get you some discount there! :)

As to what trekking gear do you need? Well, you'll need to factor in what trek, what time of year and how long you will be going before buying anything nice and new. But before you do that check out what I've written about Equipment you'll need for trekking in Nepal  Otherwise there's a huge section in my guidebook on trekking in Nepal with details on equipment you can and can't buy in Nepal.

Getting sick in Nepal

The two most common complaints or illnesses tourists have in Nepal are respiratory and stomach related. Respiratory infections generally occur due to the high levels of pollution and dust in Kathmandu city. This can get particularly bad in the winter months (dry season). Sinus, chest and ear infections are the most common ailments. Prevention comes in the form of wearing a dust mask that many a locals wear daily, or simply not staying in the city during these months. See below for more on stomach complaints.

Read my guide on what vaccinations do you need for Nepal.

How to deal with stomach problems in Nepal?

Nearly everyone unaccustomed to this part of Asia will get have a few days of bowel issues. This usually passes but be sure to stay hydrated and seek medical attention if it persists. There is a chance you will come away with something on prolonged treks or stays. Especially if you go the off season where food is not prepared as frequently. Giardia is possibly one of the biggest things to look out for and thankfully fairly easy to treat. A bad stomach for a day or two should pass by. Anything lasting longer and you should seek proper medical advise. Check out my own medical woes list here.

Cameras and Internet in Nepal

Fake memory cards are a big problem as is the cost of buying them. Head down to New Road in Kathmandu to buy and test the cards at a reduced cost to Thamel. Cyber cafes are everywhere in Nepal. But they are slow and full of viruses. Be sure to backup all your photo's and personal data before plugging you memory card, flash disk or external Hard Drive into any public computer. It may be a better option just to buy another memory card.
WIFI is available in most Cafe's and in some guesthouses but again slow. Try to test its speed out before investing in an expensive coffee or meal.
Don't know what camera to take if your going trekking? No problems. Read camera recommendations for trekking in Nepal which includes how to get camera repairs in Kathmandu.

Electricity in Nepal

It's bad. And worse than bad during the winter seasons with load shedding often hitting up to 16-20 hours a day. During these periods the power companies rotate electricity for up to four hours in the morning and four hours at night in different sectors of each city. There are weekly timetables printed and your hotel should be able to tell you when there is power that day / night.

If electricity is vitally important to you during your stay eg battery charging etc. Then make sure you stay in a hotel with a working generator. Many hotels now have invertors which are large batteries that power a single light bulb in each room in the evenings. It's best to simply work out when there is electricity and charge your devices then (even if it means waking up at 4am).

I've seen many tourist get angry at hotel receptionists over there being no electricity. It's genuinely not their fault. It is a national crises that has been on going for years. The best a hotel can do is ensure there is fuel for their generator.

Volunteering in Nepal, anything to know?

There are plenty of opportunities to Volunteer in Nepal. Personally I am very much against these pay $1000 to volunteer time positions. Call it something else, it's not volunteering, it's paying to work. That said some of the charges are pathetically high. Some people pay $4000 for 6 weeks volunteering at an NGO. I have written about this in an old travelogue here (NGO's in Nepal). The best thing to do is just arrive. Go and see a place for yourself. There are so many people looking for volunteers and they provide free accommodation and basic food. It's easy to find a position like this and it probably helps more than lining the pockets of an overpriced 'Volunteer Agency' whose HQ is overseas.

Finally if you still want to volunteer then you can face up to some pretty tough facts on volunteering in Nepal and an overview on working in Nepal

Departure Tax?

There is a 1130 rps Departure Tax plus 565 rps tourism service fee added on making a total payable of 1695 rps. This should be paid in Nepalese Rupees only! If you are flying to India or other SAARC countries the total is 1356 rps. This fee is usually included in your plane ticket for international flights!
There is also a 200 rps departure tax for internal flights.

Should I leave a tip in Nepal?

In 2008 Nepal introduced a 10% service and 13% VAT charge. If this is included in restaurants then I would not leave a tip. Nepal is not North America. The native culture here is not to tip. For guides and porters if you feel their service has been above and beyond, then adding 10% - 15% is about right. Again, it's not compulsory and although everyone likes to receive, its not in the culture. Doing so changes this for the worse as I've seen in many countries. Do check out this article on dealing with money when traveling in Nepal or more.

Visas in Nepal

On arrival you can get a 15 day or 30 day or 90 visa. There used to by a 60, but, no more. To extend this visa, ignore all agencies and head to immigration in Kathmandu, or Pokhara, fill a form before 12 noon and collect your 30 day extension by 2pm. Very easy. You can stay up to 150 days in Nepal per year January to December, meaning if you arrive in July ... Full information about tourist visas in Nepal here.

You might also like my following free guides to Nepal:
Trekking in Nepal My guide on trekking in Nepal Trekking Equipment Check out my guide on equipment & gear needed for trekking in Nepal
List of treks to hike in Nepal Check out my list treks to do in Nepal complete with maps Nepal Mountain range Check out my guide on how to travel overland into Tibet for a lot more!
Trekking in Nepal Check out my How to choose a trekking guide in Nepal for a lot more! Record of Mount Everst Base Camp Trek in the Winter My Day by day journal of trekking to Everest Base Camp in the off season (winter)
Traveling overland into Nepal Check out my How to travel overland into Nepal guide Everest Base Camp Sign Everything you need to know about trekking to Everest Base Camp
Street Child from Kathmandu Documentary: The Street Children of Kathmandu    

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Download my guidebooks to Nepal

Liked this page? You'll love my guidebooks to Nepal! I cover Kathmandu city, Bhaktapur, Patan, Chitwan and many more places with well researched information, photographs and travel tested walking tours.

They are interactive for tablets, laptops or mobile & printable. Quite honestly they will help you more than any other guide books to get the most out of Nepal.

Bhaktapur travel guidebook
Find out more!


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Nepal: a land of wonder

Colorful Sadhu in Nepal
Click photo to see more information about Nepal's Sadhus!
Big photo of the way to Everest Base Camp sign Take a boat ride on the Rapti River in Chitwans jungle Nepal Om mani padme hum written onto stone Streets of Kathmandu
Huge photo of a Baby Elephant in Chitwan Learn more about Nepalese food starting with Dhal Bhat Visit the Swayambhunath Monkey Temple with this free guide See a huge photo of Mount Everest

Click a heading to browse my Nepal
travel guides


Full guide:
» Guide to Patan    
Central Patan
  - Patan Durbar Square
 South Patan
  - Mahaboudha Temple
  - Uku Bahal
  - Machchhendranath temple
North Patan
  - The Golden Temple
  - Kumbeshwar Temple Complex
West Patan
  - The Kumari Living Goddess
East Patan
  - The Balkumari Temple

Make the most out of your journey:
» Get my full guidebook to Patan!


Full guide:
» Guide to Bhaktapur
Durbar Square
» Guide to Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  - Erotic Elephants Temple (Shiva Parvati)
  - Basantapur Chowk (Sculptures)
  - National Art Gallery / Museum
  - The Golden Gate (Sundhoka)
  - Taleju Temple (Mul Chowk)
  - Naga Pokari 
55 Window Palace
  - Siddhi Lakshmi
  - Stone Lions
  - Pashupatinath Temple (Bhaktapur)
  - Vatsala Durga Temple & Taleju Bell
  - Chyasalin Mandap
Near Durbar Square
» Taumadhi Square
Just outside Bhaktapur
» Kailashnath Mahadev (Tallest Shiva statue)
» Nargarkot

Like to know more?
» Get my full guidebook to Bhaktapur!

Bardia National Park

Full guide:
» Guide to Lumbini
» History of Lumbini
» Ashokan Pillar in Lumbini

Get the most out of your trip:
» Download my Guidebook to Lumbini!


Quick Facts about Nepal

Where is Nepal? Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia. It is bordered between South Tibet & Northern India

Population of Nepal: 30,485,798 (2011)

Capital of Nepal: Kathmandu

Dialing code: 977

Currency: Nepalese rupee

Time: Nepal is 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time and 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT

Electricity: 230AC V (two pin sockets). There are frequent power outages but generally timetabled. November to March is particularly bad as is June-July.

The Annapurna Circuit

The Annapurna Circuit

Tibetan Monks in Nepal

Tibetan Monks in Nepal

Singing Bowls, Kathmandu

Singing Bowls, Kathmandu

Rope Bridge on a Trek

Rope Bridge on a Trek

Silk Scarf Stall, Kathmandu

Silk Scarf Stall, Kathmandu

World Peace Stupa

World Peace Stupa

River Sai, Pokhara

River Sai, Pokhara

Bodnath, Kathmandu

Boudha, Kathmandu





Pokhara, cafe

Pokhara, cafe

Losar Celebrations

Losar Celebrations
Feature Article
The Street Children of Kathmandu
Over 90,000 homeless children roam the streets of Kathmandu. Read this stunning article on children that tourists try to help but often end up hurting read more ... Street Children in Kathmandu

High Camp Throng Pedi

High Camp Throng Pedi

Monkey Temple

  Monkey Temple
Also on this site ...
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Need a guidebook for Nepal?
Check out the best guidebooks for Nepal

Lonely Planet Nepal
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